The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is preparing to conduct unmanned test flights for the ambitious Gaganyaan mission, which aims to demonstrate India’s human spaceflight capabilities. ISRO has also shared images of the crew module that will house the astronauts during the mission.
“ISRO to begin unmanned flight tests for Gaganyaan mission. Preparations for the abort mission of Flight Test Vehicle-1 (TV-D1), which demonstrates the performance of the crew escape system, are underway “said the space agency in a publication X. along with images of the crew module.
What is Gaganyaan mission?
The primary objective of the Gaganyaan mission is to launch a three-member crew into an orbit 400 kilometers above the Earth’s surface for a three-day mission, and return them safely to Earth by landing in the waters of the Indian Sea. This mission is planned for next year.
What is the crew module?
The Crew Module (CM) plays a vital role in ensuring the safety and comfort of astronauts during the Gaganyaan mission. ISRO has reported that the CM of the mission is progressing through various stages of development.
For Test Vehicle Abort Mission-1 (TV-D1), a depressurized version of the CM has completed integration and testing, ready for transport to the launch complex. This unpressurized CM version reflects the size and mass of the real CM Gaganyaan and contains all the necessary systems for deceleration and recovery.
After landing in the Bay of Bengal, the crew module will be recovered using a dedicated vessel and a team of divers from the Indian Navy.
The development of the first test vehicle (TV-D1) is in its final stages. This single-stage liquid rocket is designed specifically for the abort mission. Onboard payloads include the crew module (CM) and crew escape systems (CES) with solid fast-acting engines, along with the CM fairing (CMF) and interface adapters.
The success of this crucial test flight will pave the way for subsequent qualification tests and unmanned missions, ultimately leading to the inaugural Gaganyaan mission with Indian astronauts.
For this historic mission, ISRO has selected personnel from the Indian Air Force, and their training is currently continuing at the Astronaut Training Center in Bengaluru.
The training spans a wide range of disciplines, including classroom instruction, physical training, simulator training and flight suit training, the space agency said.